|Josef Gartz (rear) working as Sandwich Man in Joe Nelson's Saloon,|
Northeast corner of Crawford [now Pulaski] and Madison Street, Chicago
In the close-up below you can see the calendar, (I was able to see the whole page in the mirror reflection in full photo above. It was October, 1912. The clock in the background (above his head in the wide shot) shows it’s 2:30. I'm pretty sure that would be in the afternoon). Plenty of men (no women) are drinking. Much of the signage around the place is in German, and they are literal “signs” of the times.
|Detail: Josef Gartz with October, 1912 calendar behind him.|
Here’s how my grandmother described the job:
A year later [after her arrival in Chicago in 1911], my husband got a much better job in a fine place where one could get a glass of beer for 5 cents and with it got a meat or cheese sandwich for free. That was my husband’s job -- to cut the bread and lay ham, beef, or cheese on it and give it to the men with their beer. He earned $15 a week. Then we got a four-room apartment for $12 per month. Now we could save money.
Wow! Josef was earning twice what he made working at his previous job buffet. They were on their way to putting money aside, which became a central value in their lives. Work hard. Save money. It would serve them well as they began to raise a family in tough times.